Exploring the UK

An overview of: Cardiff

Where is Cardiff?

Cardiff is the capital city of Wales and is located in the southern part of the country, near the Bristol Channel coast.

As the largest city in Wales, Cardiff is a significant cultural, economic, and political hub in the country. It’s known for its rich history, impressive architecture, and vibrant cultural scene.

The city offers a mix of modern developments and historic landmarks, including Cardiff Castle and the Millennium Stadium, which is now known as the Principality Stadium. Cardiff’s waterfront area, known as Cardiff Bay, is a popular destination with restaurants, shops, and entertainment venues.

About the region

Cardiff is located in South Wales.

South Wales offers a mix of urban amenities and picturesque landscapes, with historical sites, castles, and museums showcasing its rich cultural heritage. The southern coastline along the Bristol Channel features picturesque beaches and coastal towns. South Wales is easily accessible through its well-developed road and rail networks, making Cardiff a significant transport hub. The region’s unique blend of history, natural beauty, and modern opportunities makes it an attractive destination for residents and visitors alike.


Cardiff has a comprehensive and well-developed transportation network that provides convenient access to and from the city through various modes of transport.

  • Car: Cardiff is well-connected by road, with major highways and motorways linking it to other cities and regions in Wales and the UK. The M4 motorway, a major arterial route, passes through Cardiff, connecting it to cities like Bristol in England and Swansea in Wales. The A48 also provides access to the city from the east and west.
  • Train: Cardiff Central railway station is the main train station in the city and serves as a crucial hub for rail travel. It offers direct services to various destinations across Wales and the UK, including London, Birmingham, Bristol, and Manchester. Frequent and efficient rail connections make it convenient for commuters and visitors to travel to and from Cardiff.
  • Air: Cardiff is served by Cardiff Airport (CWL), located approximately 12 miles (19 kilometres) southwest of the city centre. The airport offers domestic and international flights to destinations across Europe and beyond, providing convenient air travel options for both business and leisure travellers.
  • Public Transport: Cardiff has an efficient public transport system, mainly operated by Cardiff Bus. The city’s bus network covers most areas, including suburbs and nearby towns, making navigating Cardiff and the surrounding region easy. Additionally, Cardiff also has a light rail system known as the Cardiff and Valleys Metro, which connects the city centre to neighbouring areas.

Living in the area

Cardiff offers a diverse range of housing options to cater to various preferences and budgets.

The city provides a mix of modern apartments, traditional houses, and charming Victorian properties. The neighbourhoods surrounding the city centre offer urban living with easy access to amenities and cultural attractions, while suburban areas provide a more peaceful and family-friendly environment.

In terms of the general cost of living, Cardiff is considered more affordable compared to major cities in the UK, offering a good balance of amenities and lower living expenses.

This attractive combination of housing options and a reasonable cost of living make Cardiff an appealing choice for individuals and families looking for a vibrant and affordable lifestyle.


Cardiff offers a wide range of schooling options at the primary, secondary, and university levels, providing quality education to its diverse population.

  • Primary Schools: Cardiff has numerous primary schools, both public and independent (private), catering to children aged 5 to 11 years. These schools follow the Welsh education curriculum and offer a comprehensive range of subjects to foster early learning and development. Parents can usually choose their child’s primary school based on their residential address, ensuring accessibility to local educational facilities.
  • Secondary Schools: At the secondary level, Cardiff provides a variety of secondary schools that continue the education of students aged 11 to 16 years. These schools follow the Welsh curriculum and offer a diverse range of subjects, including General Certificates of Secondary Education (GCSEs), which prepare students for further education or employment. As with primary schools, parents can typically select their child’s secondary school based on their catchment area. Cardiff also offers independent secondary schools, providing additional educational choices for students.
  • University Level: Cardiff is home to Cardiff University, one of the leading universities in the UK. Cardiff University offers a wide array of undergraduate and postgraduate courses across various disciplines, including arts, sciences, engineering, business, and social sciences. The university is known for its research excellence and high-quality teaching, attracting students from Wales and around the world. Additionally, Cardiff is home to other institutions of higher education, such as Cardiff Metropolitan University and the University of South Wales, providing further options for tertiary education.

Overall, Cardiff’s primary, secondary, and university school options contribute to a well-rounded and comprehensive educational ecosystem, ensuring that residents have access to quality education at all levels of learning.


Cardiff offers a vibrant and diverse leisure scene, providing an exciting array of activities and entertainment for residents and visitors alike.

The city’s rich cultural heritage is evident in its numerous museums, galleries, and historical landmarks, such as Cardiff Castle and the National Museum Cardiff. Sports enthusiasts can enjoy watching top-level rugby matches at the Principality Stadium or catch a football game at Cardiff City Stadium. Cardiff’s beautiful waterfront, known as Cardiff Bay, offers a lively atmosphere with a wide selection of restaurants, bars, and cafes, making it an ideal spot for dining and socialising.

The city also hosts various events and festivals throughout the year, including music festivals, food fairs, and arts exhibitions. For nature lovers, nearby parks and green spaces, such as Bute Park and Roath Park, offer tranquil retreats for walking, picnicking, and enjoying the outdoors.

With its dynamic cultural scene, sports events, dining options, and natural beauty, Cardiff provides a captivating leisure experience that caters to diverse interests and tastes.


The University Hospital of Wales (UHW) is a major teaching hospital and one of the largest in Wales, situated in the Heath district of Cardiff. Affiliated with Cardiff University School of Medicine, it serves as a renowned teaching institution, training medical students and healthcare professionals.

UHW offers a wide range of medical services, including specialised care in areas like cardiothoracic surgery, neurosurgery, and oncology. Equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and advanced medical technology, the hospital ensures high-quality patient care and treatment. It operates a 24-hour Accident & Emergency department to address urgent medical needs and actively participates in medical research and clinical trials, contributing to the advancement of healthcare and treatment options.

As a vital institution in the region’s healthcare system, the University Hospital of Wales plays a crucial role in providing comprehensive healthcare services to the people of Wales and beyond.

Relocation support

How do Doctors Relocate assist with your relocation?

In addition to providing personalised career guidance, facilitating interviews and managing negotiations to secure the right job opportunity for each individual, we offer ongoing relocation support to our candidates, helping with practical matters such as accommodation arrangements, banking, and setting up other essential services.

Our dedicated team is readily available to address any concerns or queries that you have along the way, ensuring that you feel supported and confident throughout your relocation.

With our guidance, you can confidently navigate the relocation journey, focusing on your professional and personal growth in the UK.

Your essential reading list: Top blogs to help with your relocation to the UK

Moving to the UK: Planning and packing tips

Driving in the UK with an overseas license

Buying a car in the UK

The UK education system

School Holidays in the UK

Supermarkets and grocery stores in the UK

Public holidays in the UK

International airports in the UK

Urgent and emergency care services in the UK

Useful information and contacts in the UK

Registering with a GP and Dentist in the UK

Childcare in the UK

Arranging accommodation in the UK

If you’re a doctor interested in NHS positions, please contact our team to discuss the opportunities available to you.